Saturday, April 25, 2015

Of ploughs, paradoxes and poetry

Reviewed by ASIF ANWAR ALIG

Sabz Pedon Ke Saye—A Farmer’s Poetry, by Mohammad Hazim Hassan, Al-Huda Publications, New Delhi (India)-110002, Year2014, 230pp, Indian Rupees200, Paperback.

B
ard of Avon, great English poet and playwright of 16th century William Shakespeare had humble beginning. His zenith of success came over the period and remains unchallenged as none of that caliber has countered him till date. Although he couldn’t study more than early schooling, he became distinct in English literature once and forever. That in turn transformed him into the persona extraordinaire and a subject of study in literature since centuries.

Several centuries later and thousands miles apart at Kishanganj in India is Urdu poet Mohammad Hazim Hassan today. Composing verses in similar rustic environment, this peasant poet too couldn’t continue education after 10th grade. His outstanding poetry reflects English litterateur’s impression in thoughts and circumstantial assimilations. The poetic collage Sabz Pedon Ke Saye (Shadow of Green Plants) embodies virtues of the gifted poet. This collection has poems of all genre such as ghazals, nazms, munajat, naat, qasida and qata’at et al and cover wide spectrum of themes.

Themes on Urdu language, women emancipation and tribute to eminent personalities whom he loves unconditionally and poetic narrations on the religious and social festivals disseminate unity. The taranahs composed to devote local educational institutions are thoroughly encouraging.

Famous amongst the poems included in this collection is Nanhi Kali (The Cherubic) which passionately praise pinnacle of an adolescent beauty. The eternal imaginary feeling of a poet for young girl whom he glances during a journey is scintillating. Presented several times in local mushairas (poetic symposiums) this poem brought applauds for him due to melodious heartfelt recitations. Such poems, including Persian poems, wonderfully inspire today’s generations. The poet observers his society keenly and therefore guide the future generations to praise the Almighty Allah for wealth of comforts offered to them.    
     
Ghaflat mein apne waqt ko youn mat guzarna
Mohtaat rahke zindagi ko khud hi tu sanwarna
Duniya ko rashk aane lage tujh per ek din!
Mehnat se apni zindagi ko youn hi nikhaarna

Majboor hoke ahle-e-jahaan de teri misaal
Duniyaan mein kaam aisaa koi laajawaab kar

Ensure not to waste your time in the ignorance
Carefully attempt to turn your life meaningful
World should feel proud of you someday
Make your life immaculate through hard work   
World is bound to appreciate your achievements
Perform ultimate tasks in this world to be remembered

His poems raise question why mankind mustn’t forget the true goal of life. We should remember the primary motive of mankind’s creation to prepare for our immortal lives thereafter. Worldly life is a passing journey. Ironically, we give utmost importance to this mortal world and ignore real life thereafter.

Is aarzi duniyaan mein kiya hai basnaa basaanaa
Aaya houn jahan se hai wahaan lout ke hai jaanaa
Baatin mein kasaafat ho agar ruh ho gandi!
Bekaar hai is jism ko mal, mal ke nahaanaa

Why to settle or make settlement in this mortal world
I am aware I have to return back from where I came  
If inner self is impure then soul would be tainted
It makes no sense to cleanse body with repeated baths

Poems on national integration, brotherhood and disciplinarian lifestyle are inspirational. They guide the mankind to follow the creator of world logicallys. He gives impeccable message on concerns such as fast changing materialistic relationships in the societies.  

Is daur-e-pur-fitan mein kahein kisko aadmi
Har sakhsh hum se miltaa hai perwardigaar

Ab kiyoun kare kisi kaa koi dil se ehtaraam!
Baghz-o-anaad wa kabr huwa hai sha’ar-e-aam
Arbaab-e-iqtedaar se hein shikwah sanj log
Khoun ho raha hai adl kaa, kaisa hai yeh nazaam

To whom I must say humans in such skirmishing times
Every individual meets me as if God’s incarnations  

Why should anybody respect others by heart now?
Bigger conflicts are most common trends nowadays
People are too much anguished against the rulers
Law gets liquidated, what is this senseless governance

To project his confidence level and a firm belief in life, this poet advocates—
   
Yeh sach hai kisi se mein dartaa nahin houn
Kisi se bhi nafrat mein kabhi kartaa nahin houn
Baraai kaa imkaan ho bhi toh kiyounkar ho
Main had se kabhi bhi guzartaa nahin houn
Main gulshan-e-hayaat mein ek phool to houn
Kal jo bhi haishiyat ho abhi dhool hi toh houn
Apni khataa pe bhi main pashemaan houn bahut
Tauba se uske rubaru main maqbool hi toh houn

It is true that I am not afraid of anybody now
I don’t hate anyone and everyone indeed
Why should I develop the arrogance feeling?
I always remain in my limits and don’t cross it
I am one of the flowers of the garden of life
Not aware of my future position but I am a dust today    
I have that guilty feeling for blunders I have committed
By confessing before Him I have become popular indeed

His Urdu and Persian poems are inspirational and give message to coming generations with a caveat as well. Unity in diversity and value of education are a few.
    
Pahunch sakegi naa baam-e-urooj per har ghiz
Wah qoum hanthoun mein jiske dawaat naheen

No way will it be possible to reach the zenith of success
The communities not caring for education or knowledge

Expressing tribute to sweetness of Urdu language, he emphasizes an ardent message for the mankind—   

Insaaniat, wafa wa musarrat ki daastaan
Piyaari zabaan Urdu jahaan, zindagi wahaan
Shereeni ghol deti hai talkhi mein zeest ki
Naa ashna ko ashna karti hai yeh zabaan
Har ek qadam pe khusboo lutati hai beshuba
Gulha-e-rang, rang hein jismein yeh gulsitaan

Narrating story of humanity, commitments and happiness
Wherever lovely language of Urdu is there remains liveliness?
It brings sweetness even in the tougher survival scenarios
This language makes strangers true advocates of fondness
It scintillates the pleasant smells on every single step
Multicolored is the garden in which it exists to turn that huge  

The poems also inspire people to maintain disciplinarian lifestyle to ensure none is disheartened—

Aib auroun ke tu talaash naa kar
Naqs zahir nahin jo phas naa kar
Tu kisi ko khushi jo de naa sake
Us ko hargiz kabhi udaas na kar

Don’t try to find out follies in others
Avoid making secret loopholes public
If you can’t give happiness to others,
Then don’t make anybody feel sad

This book is inspirational for this reviewer as well. In tribute to known and unknown figures, the poet pens few lines on this reviewer. The passionate tribute with thanksgiving to Almighty Allah in the verses is blessing in disguise for this reviewer.   
 
Allah tune kis tarah se gulshan ko sajaaya
Asif ke naam se hai jo tumne phool khilaya
Hai zeenat gulshan mein izafaa ka sabab yeh
Bhar aise phooloun se chamaan apna khudaya

Almighty Allah how you had decorated this garden
You bestowed us the flower which is named Asif
It’s the reason for further beautification of your garden   
Fill this huge garden Allah with similar such flowers

This groundbreaking poetic collection is foremost addition of literature in Urdu for poetry lovers. Farmer, philosopher and poet Hazim Hassan has strong message of human bonding with his prototypical poetry.



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