Reviewed by ASIF ANWAR ALIG
Indian Muslims: From Sachar to Make in India, by Mohammad Allam, Universal Book House, Aligarh – 202002 (India), 137pp, 2016, Indian Rupees350, Soft.
ooks on the aftermath of Sachar Committee scenario analysis are published every day. Only selected ones though raise multifarious dimensions of Muslim plights. The book Indian Muslims: From Sachar to Make in India by Mohammad Allam can be seen in a prism of a naïve attempt from an author’s point of view but it is seminal research work on this crucial theme.
Jutting down multiple contexts of surveys to assessments having been carried out by the Sachar Committee for thorough evaluation of the condition of Muslims in India, this book is a precise edition for even laymen to do a reality check. Through presenting report’s inclusive data it is focused on the facts. Major highlights like higher education among Indian Muslims in the aftermath of Sachar Committee scenario analysis to country’s demography of inhabitants in all religious groups’ context in recent census are worth introspection for Indian Muslims.
In a detailed assessment of recent census report, this book eyes on Muslim population share amongst all minority communities from percentage to contextual segmentation in nation’s education and employment sectors. As a scholastic work, it superbly assesses overall condition of Indian Muslims post the constitution of Sachar Committee in 2005 until making specific comparisons in recent past while the current BJP government announced Make in India plan.
The then Manmohan Singh government had constituted a committee to prepare an exclusive fact based report on the social, economic and educational condition of Muslims in India through keen assessment of their conditions. This book justifies with facts and comparative data post report submission in a time span of one decade and thus alarmingly shows their grim situation that has hardly changed.
Besides in-depth research on population share of all minority communities, author painstakingly points out educational and employment share as major findings with special attention to the grieving condition of Muslims. By presenting contextual reports, it provides room for assessment of Muslim representation in the reputed educational institutions from enrollment shares in institutes of higher learning Indian Institutes of Management (IIMs), Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) to universities from graduation to doctorate level courses. Readers thus find ample idea about the condition of Muslims in this comparative study, though such information can also be obtained from other sources.
Post-Sachar scenario analysis brings into fore a reality check of tall claims made by the respective governments to uplift Muslim community as compared to the actual condition. Second most important emphasis in this book is highlighting current situation of Muslims in higher education sector, human development and the possibility of getting benefitted from Make in India plan by present BJP government which came into power in 2014.
By doing cursory assessment, author projects description of various sectors in which Make in India plan is focused at. He assesses multiple angles from feasibilities for India to options to move ahead while the plan incorporates successfully and thus highlights its worthiness for Muslims to avail benefits. With logical comparison of different communities with Muslims in all sectors the focus is more on the education sector.
The highlights include comparative study of Make in India plan and it’s possible after affects in the context of world economies. The book concludes with an assessment of causal relation between Muslims and Make in India initiative. The zest of comparative studies is that where exactly Muslims stand in the current scenario; corporates run by Muslims in India and their prospects in the context of current plan to community’s share in several occupations, employments in multiple sectors to an overview of their current share in state and central government sector jobs.
This comprehensive study also highlights current living standard, education in general to technical education level in particular in Muslims community in the context of post-Sachar evaluation committee. Other factors that have been highlighted in the book include financial credits & Muslims; infrastructure & governance in Muslim centric districts; possible role of Muslims in Make in India plan to Muslims as producers/industrialists and their dominance in the business sector.
Furthermore, comprehensive details about share of students from poorer sections of Muslim community in reputed institutions highlighted in the context of existing data available from the post-Sachar scenario is worth introspecting. In nutshell, this book has ample comprehensive information on the basis of that report which highlighted dilapidated condition of Muslim community.
The book is an in-depth collection of research articles on Muslims in different contexts in India. Although it has many typos it still catches the attention of readers for thorough assessment of Muslim community in the current milieu which is being studied in the last two decades.
This book review was first published in Radiance Viewsweekly on February 05, 2017.